Archive for the ‘West Point Bridge Builder Project’ Category

PowerPoint on Bridges

September 25, 2013

PowerPoint on Bridges

Watch this PowerPoint, then complete the associated worksheet.

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Bridge Construction II Questions

September 16, 2013

 Name___________________________________________________

Date_____________________________________________________

Period___________________________________________________

Directions:

Read the passage from Bridge Construction II and answer the following questions

Email your completed worksheet to………>      Buffingtonbanneker@yahoo.com

  1. What is the purpose of the wooden strips?

 

 

  1. What is Load?

 

 

  1. What is Compression?

 

  1. What is Tension?

 

 

  1. Why is it necessary to test the bridges?

 

  1. Draw and label the parts of a bridge and showing the forces

 

8) What happen to the bottom of the bridge when a load is applied?

 

9) What happens to the top of the bridge when a load is applied ?

 

 

10) Where will you apply a load to your bridge?

 

 

11) On the Howe and Pratt bridges, in which direction are the forces applied?

 

 

 

12) A truss is a ______________________________ designed to support a ___________________.

 

 

13) Define:

 14)3-View Sketch

 

15)Span

 

16) Super- Structure

 

17) Sub-Structure

 

18)Roadbed

 

19) Failure

 

20) Bridge Length

 

21) Sketch a simple Truss

 

 

 

 

22) Sketch a Truss with Straight Supports

 

 

 

23) Sketch a Truss with triangular supports

 

 

24) Sketch and label the top view

 

25) Sketch and Label the side view

 

26) Sketch and label the  end view

 

27) Which geometric shape the strongest?

 

  
28) Destructive testing gives________________ a feel for how  much _____________ it takes to break the bridge, then the _______________ can scale up this force to _________________the weight of actual cars, truck and buses.

29) Tension is a force tending to ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________ or_________________ something.

 

30) The­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_________________________________is the world’s longest bridge.[2] It is a __________ kilometers (102.4 mi) long viaduct on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway

 

 

 

31) How much force did it take to break your bridge?_______________________

 

32) What was the cost of your bridge?_____________________________________

33) What was the efficiency of your bridge ?______________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bridge Construction II

September 16, 2013

Read this passage and answer the Bridge Construction II Questions

The purpose of this lesson is to get an idea of what real engineers go through when they build a model of a bridge before actual construction. Also models serves as a physical representation of the actual bridge but at a smaller scale

The pins are to be used to holds the members of the bridge together while it  dries

  

The purpose of the wood strips were to simulate the steel members of the bridge

A drawing that includes a side, top, and end view of a structure is called a 3-view sketch

The structure of a bridge that extends above the roadbed is called the super structure

The structure of the bridge that extends below the roadbed is called the sub-structure

The part of the bridge that is meant to be traveled is called the roadbed.

The Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge is the world’s longest bridge.[2] It is a 164.8 kilometers (102.4 mi) long viaduct on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway

The point at which a truss bridge collapses is called failure

The triangle is the strongest geometric form, so engineers usually try to convert shapes into triangle to create the strongest bridge design possible

A truss distributes the load throughout the structure

The overall length of a bridge including  the span and the required area of the roadbed is called the bridge length

An  Xacto  knife is a  small razor sharp device used in cutting thin materials  like paper soft wood and art related items.

Braces can be used to support  or strengthen something Braces are added and are part of the normal construction parts of bridges

You will apply a load to the top of your bridge

The load will cause the top of your bridge to compress

Load is the overall weight to which a structure is subjected

Destructive testing gives engineers a feel for how much force it takes to break the bridge, then the engineers can scale up this force to simulate the weight of actual cars, trucks and buses

The bottom of the bridge will try to pull apart when a load is applied

Tension is a force tending to stretch or elongate something

 

Related questions from the Powerpoint on Bridges

September 16, 2013

 Name___________________________________________________

Date_____________________________________________________

Period___________________________________________________

Directions:

Use the PowerPoint and answer these questions:

Email your completed worksheet to………>      Buffingtonbanneker@yahoo.com

  1. What is the purpose of the wooden strips?

 

 

  1. What is Load?

 

 

  1. What is Compression?

 

 

  1. What is Tension?

 

 

  1. Why is it necessary to test the bridges?

 

 

  1. Label the diagram below:

                       

8) What happen to the bottom of the bridge when a load is applied?

 

 

 

9) What happens to the top of the bridge when a load is applied ?

 

 

 

10) Where will you apply a load to your bridge?

 

 

 

11) On the Howe and Pratt bridges, in which direction are the forces applied?

 

 

 

12) A truss is a ______________________________ designed to support a ___________________.

 

 

13) Define:

 14)3-View Sketch

 

15)Span

 

16) Super- Structure

 

17) Sub-Structure

 

18)Roadbed

 

19) Failure

 

20) Bridge Length

 

21) Sketch a simple Truss

 

 

 

 

22) Sketch a Truss with Straight Supports

 

 

 

23) Sketch a Truss with triangular supports

 

 

24) Sketch and label the top view

 

25) Sketch and Label the side view

 

26) Sketch and label the  end view

 

27) Which geometric shape the strongest?

 

  
28) Destructive testing gives________________ a feel for how  much _____________ it takes to break the bridge, then the _______________ can scale up this force to _________________the weight of actual cars, truck and buses.

29) Tension is a force tending to ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________ or_________________ something.

 

30) The­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_________________________________is the world’s longest bridge.[2] It is a __________ kilometers (102.4 mi) long viaduct on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway

 

 

 

31) How much force did it take to break your bridge?_______________________

 

32) What was the cost of your bridge?_____________________________________

33) What was the efficiency of your bridge ?______________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

35) How did you like the Bridge project ?

Bridge Construction Worksheet I

September 16, 2013

Bridge Construction I

 

Name______________________________________

 

Answer the following questions

 

1)    Why do we need bridges?

 

 

 

2)    What was the purpose of testing the bridges?

 

 

 

3)    What are some of the materials that are used in bridge construction?

 

 

 

4)    Explain how the bridges are going to be tested   in the classroom

 

 

 

5)    What did you learn from this project?

 

 

6)    Sketch and label a bridge?

 

 

 

7)    Name (4) types of bridges.

 

 

8)    Name the  3 parts of a bridge

 

 

9)    Define Tension

 

 

10) Define Compression

 

 

 

 

Suspension Bridge Worksheet

September 16, 2013

Name__________________________________

Date___________________________________

Period__________________________________

                                               Suspension Bridge Research

 

 

1)      What is a suspension Bridge?

 

 

2)      Who created the first suspension bridge in the United States?

 

3)      What year was this bridge created ?____________________

4)      What city and state was this bridge created?_________________

5)      What city and country is the longest suspension bridge in the world created ?

 

6)      What is the name of this longest suspension bridge ?

 

7)      What is the length of the central span ?

 

8)      What is the total length of this longest bridge?___________________

 

 

9)      What was the name of this first suspension bridge in the USA ?

 

10)    Draw  a picture of the longest suspension bridge in the world.

 

8 Bridges with Construction Costs

September 16, 2013

  Bridge  Type

                 My  Cost   

Pratt Through Truss

 

Pratt Deck Truss

 

Howe Through Truss

 

Howe Deck Truss

 

Warren Through Truss

 

Warren Deck Truss

 

Suspension Bridge Warren Truss

 

Cable Stayed Bridge

Warren Truss

 

West Point Bridge Builder

Name_________

 

 

Engineering & Technology Bridge Building Work Sheet

September 16, 2013

Name_____________________________________

Date______________________________________

Period_____________________________________

Engineering & Technology  Bridge Building              

 

1)   What was the objective of your project?

 

 

2)   List the instructions.

 

 

 

3)   List at least (7) materials(Bill of Materials )  used in this project 

 

a)

 

b)

 

c)

 

d)

 

e)

 

f)

 

g)

 

 

4) Explain the purpose of each item that was  to construct the bridge.

 

a)

 

 

b)

 

 

c)

 

 

d)

 

 

 

e)

 

 

f)

 

 

 

 

g)

 

 

 

5)   List (2) problems or difficulties that you encountered with the project?

 

a)

 

 

b)

 

 

 

6)   How did you solve the problems?

 

a)Problem # 1

 

 

b)Problem # 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

7)   Use the internet and locate or name (5) well known bridges in the United States.

 

a)

 

b)

 

c)

 

d)

 

e)

 

8)   Count the structural members of your design project. How many    did your bridge use? ____________

 

 

9)   From your computer design which type of member was the most cost effective (Hint: the cheapest)?

 

 

10) Do an internet search or watch the video or do a library search and explain what happened to the Tacoma Washington Bridge.

 

 

 

Covered Bridge Research

September 16, 2013

Name__________________________________

Date___________________________________

Period    _________________  

 

                              Covered Bridge Research

1) What was the original purpose of a covered bridge?

 

2) Where was the 1st covered bridge in America?

 

3) Which state is called the “covered bridge state?

 

4) List 7 reasons that Eric Sloan states why the bridges were covered?

 

5) How many covered bridges are located in Georgia?

 

6) Who was Washington King and Horace King?

 

7)  How did the Stone Mountain Covered Bridge come into existence and what was it’s purchase price?

 

8) Where is the Concord Covered Bridge?

 

9) What was the first name of the Concord Covered Bridge?

 

10) Sketch a covered bridge.

Bridge Research

September 16, 2013

                                 Bridge Research   

 

1) Describe the role of the architectural engineer in bridge design.

 

 

 

 

 

2) Describe three environmental factors that affect bridge design.

 

 

 

 

 

3) Describe four types of bridge design and give an application of each.

 

 

 

 

 

4) Describe three types of truss bridges and give an application of each.

 

 

 

 

 

5) Describe why truss bridge designs are modified.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6) Describe the forces in truss bridges.

 

 

 

 

 

7) Describe the function of bridge building codes.

 

 

 

 

8) Define an axial structural force and explain its importance

 

 

 

 

 

9) Describe two types of axial structural forces and explain their importance.

 

 

 

 

 

10) Define a force vector and explain its importance.

 

 

 

 

 

11) Define a resultant force vector and explain its importance.

 

 

 

 

12) Describe how to calculate a resultant force

 

 

 

 

.

 

13) Define a free-body diagram and explain its function.

 

 

 

 

 

14) Describe how to draw a free-body diagram.

 

 

 

 

 

 

15) Define equilibrium and describe how it is used in force calculations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

16) Describe how to calculate a force using a free-body diagram.

 

 

 

 

 

 

17) Describe four materials used in bridge construction and give an example of each.

 

 

 

 

 

 

18) Describe the functions of the two principle parts of a bridge.

 

 

 

 

 

 

19) Describe the functions of five structural components used in bridge substructures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20) Describe the functions of seven structural components used in bridge superstructures.